Eve Arnold took up photography in New York City in 1946. In 1954, she came to the attention of Robert Capa, the head of Magnum Photos, the prestigious international cooperative of photographers. Capa invited her to join the group, and she became its first American female member.
Eve became a star photographer for Life magazine during its heyday, capturing public figures such as Senator Joseph McCarthy and General Eisenhower at revealingly unguarded moments.
During her career, Eve was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers in 1980. In 1995 she was made a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and was elected "Master Photographer" - the world's most prestigious photographic honor - awarded by New York's International Center of Photography.
In 1997 Eve was awarded an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science from the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters from Staffordshire University, as well as the degree Doctor of Humanities from Richmond, the American International University in London.
Eve sadly died on January 4 2012, aged 99. She will forever be remembered for her truly brilliant photographs and as a legendary pioneer for female photojournalists.
Eve Arnold had a special affinity with movie star Marilyn Monroe, whom she met when both were relatively unknown. "She was going places but she hadn't arrived," Arnold recalled. "It became a bond between us... Marilyn was very important in my career. I think I was helpful in hers."
Eve also captured the lives of ordinary people, exploring such themes as birth, family, tragedy and racial prejudice. In the early 1960s, she moved to London to work on the newly launched Sunday Times colour magazine.
Her mastery of the colour processes and techniques popular in the 50s was extensive and assured, although Eve worked for preference in black-and-white.